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9 Materials and services
MEUR 2013 2012
Change in product inventories 68 -5
Materials and supplies
Purchases 15,412 16,137
Change in inventories -82 25
External services 26 29
15,424 16,186
Purchases include excise taxes included in the retail selling price of petroleum products amounting to EUR 1,343 million (2012: EUR 1,446 million). The corresponding amount is included in 'Revenue', Note 7.